Institutional Development

Demo Units
Different demo units and infrastructures have been established for training and demonstration purpose to the farmers, rural youth, farm women and extension functionaries.

Infrastructures

KVK Sales Centre

KVK Sales Centre opend at KVK premise to promote TNAU products, inputs and KVK produced inputs and seed materials for the benefit of the farming community.  Hortiultural crops seedlings, seeds, value added products is also selling through centre.  Bio inputs, crop boosters, coconut tonic, vegetable specials, vermicompost, minor millets seeds also sale through counter.
Sales centre
Roof Garden

Roof Gardening Unit

Model Roof garden established at Training hall roof of KVK, Sandhiyur for demonstration and training purposes.  Focus on vegetables and herbal plants have been given in the roof garden.  City dwellers, rural youth and women showed lot of interest in the roof garden and attended number of paid training organized by the KVK, Sandhiyur.

Mushroom Production Unit

Mushroom unit is established and maintained at KVK. Using this unit trainings were offered to farmers, farm women, rural youths and self help groups, Mushroom varieties, cultivation practices., erection of house, spawn preparation, mushroom bed preparation, pests and diseases that affects mushroom and preventive measures, harvest, storage, marketing and value added product are deal.
Mushroom Production Unit
Minor Millet Value Addition Machinery Centre

Minor Millet Value Addition Machinery Centre

To promote minor millets at Salem district, minor millets value addition machinery centre established with support of INSIMP at KVK, Sandhiyur and five more tribal clusters of Salem district.  Destoner, Dehuller, Pulveriser and Siever machines have been installed for processing of minor millets and converting into value added products.  Training on Minor Millets Value added Products is also being organized with support of this centre

Mealy bug parasitoid production unit

Papaya mealy bug parasitoid production has been started and more than 1.50 lakhs has been released in the fields in and around Salem and Namakkal districts in crops like tapioca, mulberry, papaya and guava.
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Soil and Water Testing Lab

A well equipped lab is available to diagnose the soil fertility status of the district and to emphasise the importance of soil analysis to farmers. So for nearly 5000 soil and water samples are analyzed

Plant Health Diagnostic Facility Lab

To diagnosis the crop insect pests, diseases and nematode incidences have been identified by Plant Health Diagnostic lab have been established at KVK, Sandhiyur with support from ICAR.    The sucking pests, mealy bugs, scales and spores of the pathogen is being diagnosed with help of Plant Health Diagnostic Facility Lab

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E Extension Service Facility

Technology transfer via information communication technology through BSNL Internet facility such as Video conference, Short message service and video You Tube Technology and other social media etc were established, Extension Functionaries ICT classes were conducted.

Permanent Exhibition

Permanent exhibition unit is being established regarding improved varieties and production technologies in agricultural and horticultural crops. So for more than 3000 farmers visited this exhibition unit.

Library

Library with related journals, newsletters, technical bulletins and research publications to enrich the knowledge of the SMS and farmers in the field of agriculture. The CDs of modern technologies on various aspects are also available in the library

Training hall with wify

The training hall has all modern audio visual equipments which can accommodate 250 participants, all the trainings to farmers/Extension functionaries are end up with net exposure. The computer centre caters to the needs of day to day correspondence, linkage with other state development departments, private organizations and NGOs.
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Farmers Hostel
A farmer’s hostel with a capacity to accommodate 40 farmers cooking facility is available in our KVK. Construction completed during 2008.

Staff quarters
Six numbers of Staff quarters are available in the campus for housing the technical Team and all the quarters were occupied from 2009.

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Technology Centre

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Crop cafeteria

The varieties and hybrids released every year at TNAU is raised in the farm to show the performance of that varieties to the farmers, farm women and extension functionaries. New hybrids like sorghum CO (SH)5, sunflower CO(SFH)2, CO (SH)2 cumbu, CO (Bg) 6  and Chilli CO 1 is raised. KVK farmers and extension personnels visited the farm.

Automatic weather station
An automatic weather station (AWS) is an automated version of the traditional weather station, either to save human labour or to enable measurements from remote areas. It contains the data loggerrechargeable batterytelemetry (optional) and the meteorological sensors with an attached solar panel or wind turbine and mounted upon a mast.

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Farm Implements Shed

Farm implements and machineries like Laser guided land Leveller, Drum Seeder, Seed drill, Pulse marker, Sugarcane Sett cutter, Paddy power weeder, Turmeric Harvester, Tapioca Harvester, Coconut tree climber, Turmeric boiler and Chaff cutter are being maintained at KVK and more than 3000 farmers visited the farm  Mechanization unit

SRI In problem soil

SRI method of paddy is cultivated for seed production in the variety TRY 1 and 3, which is highly suitable for alkali soil. 700 kg of seeds was produced of which 350 kg was sold. Trainings about SRI in paddy had been offered to the farmers. So far more than 1500 farmers visited the unit.
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SSI (Sustainable sugarcane initiative) Nursery

Demo unit on SSI in sugarcane had been established with the varieties of CO(SC)24 and COC 86032. Trainings about SSI in sugarcane had been offered to the farmers. So far more than 1000 farmers visited the unit.

Seed production unit

Seed is the basic  input in any agricultural production. Supply of quality seed material play a major role in increasing the productivity to the of 15-20%. Seed production unit in TRY1, and ADT43 had been raised . So for 1800 farmers visited the seed production plot. Training programmes on seed production of varieties and hybrids on  agricultural and horticultural crops is being offered for farmers and extension functionaries
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Model Nursery –Propagation Units

NHB Accreditated Model Horticulture Nursery Unit

National Horticultural Board accreditated model horticulture nursery unit established at KVK, Sandhiyur to produce quality nursery seedlings for the benefit of the horticulture farmers.  Root stock yard, grafting yard and mature seedling unit separated established for the benefit of the propagation and training purposes..

Protray nursery

Shade net has been erected at KVK, in which 10,000 vegetable seedlings of COTH2 tomato hybrid had been produced and sold to the farmers. Also trainings had been offered to rural  youth  and farmers
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Mango scion bank

Seedlings of mango varieties like Alphonsa, Imampasand, Salem Bangalora, Mallika, Banganapalli, Malgoa, Bangalora is being produced by approach grafting techniques.  So for more than 1 lakh  seedlings had been produced and sold to the farmers.

Shade net nursery
Shade net nursey is being used for maintenance of fruit grafts and production of sugarcane seedlings for SSI.  About  20,000  seedlings had been produced and sold to farmers.
Training is given for nursery maintenance of grafts and SSI seedlings

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Guava layering

The mother plant of Lucknow 49 guava is being maintained for  production of seedlings by ground layering techniques.

Sapota

The mother plant of PKM1 and CO3 are  being maintained for production of seedlings through approach grafting techniques.
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Animal Components

Intensive system  (Slatted) of goat rearing
Demo unit on slatted floor goat rearing has been established for offering training to the farmers, farm women, landless labourers and rural youth. Goat varieties, cost of shed preparation, maintainence of shed, feeding of goats and protection of goat from diseases were taught in the training programmes.

Breeds – Tellicherry, Demo unit on slatted floor goat rearing has been established for offering training to the farmers, farm women, landless labourers and rural youth. Goat breeds, importance of goat rearing, construction of goat shed, feeding management, Disease management and marketing were dealt with this trainings

Poultry unit  (Cage System)

Indigenous chicken breeds such as Aseel, Kadaknath and improved breed Giriraja, Namakal Chicken 1 are being maintained in this unit. Trainings were offered to the farmers, farm women rural youths and Self Help Groups. Provided supplementary income and protein supplement to the rural people.
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Small Scale Incubator

Small hatchery unit is established for hatching poultry eggs for the benefit of farming community. There is a problem among the farmers to get broody hen in all season.  Hen brooding is a problem in Turkey, Japanese quail and Improved breeds Giriraja, vanaraja and Rhodo white chick. Trainings were offered to the farmers, farm women rural youths and Self Help Groups

Fodder bank

Cumbu  Napier grass(CO4), guinea grass(COG3) fodder sorghum (COFS29) and Co FS 31. Hedge lucerne, Lucerne, kolukkattai grass and para grass are being maintained at KVK farm. Training programmes are being offered for cultivation of forage crops. so for more than 500 farmers visited the fodder bank unit.
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Organic manure production unit  
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Vermicompost production unit

Vermicompost production unit has been established with silpauline unit. This model unit is being utilized for training purpose to the farmers and rural youths. So for more than 1200 farmers visited the unit and 27  farmers started to produce vermicompost

Azolla multiplication

Demo unit on Azolla established at KVK Sandhiyur for demonstration and training purposes.  The harvested Azolla is not only applied in the Paddy field but also being utilized as Animal feed. Azolla multiplication was also to emphasize the importance of organic matter addition to soils and its use as feed for animals/ poultry
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Composting farm wastes
Composting model unit was established to demonstrate composting technologies for different agricultural residues (sugarcane trash, maize straw, coir waste).  Microbial consortia for sugarcane trash has been multiplied and given to farmers to popularize in-situ composting of trash and stubbles.

Production unit on alkaline tolerant fruit trees

An area of 3 acres has been planted with 100 naval plants and 40 pomegranate plants for fruit production purpose. Training on suitable tree crops tolerant to saline and alkaline soils is being given to farmers and extension functionaries

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Agro forestry model

Agroforestry model had been established in one acre with the trees like vagai, bamboo, Eluppai, Etti, Neem, pungam, Acaia, Eucaliptus and Magogani. Trainings are being offered utilising this model unit.

Tamarind

Model unit in Tamarind had been established with the varieties like PKM 1 and urigam. Soft wood grafting is done and sold to the farmers on need base
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Bio Control Agent Mass Production Unit

Pseudomonas fluorescens

Bio control agents namely Pseudomonas fluorescens is also being produced at our KVK and supplied to Farmers through KVK sales counter. Mass production of this bioagent is produced in our lab and issued to our OFT and FLD programmes and training on application of Pseudomonas  in field level was also given to farmers.

Trichoderma viride

To promote eco friendly agricultural practices for sustainable agriculture, Trichoderma viride, a bio control agent is also being produced and issued to our OFT and FLD beneficiaries through demonstrations like soil application, seed treatments, etc. and through off campus trainings also. Mass production was done in our lab and sales was  promoted through our sales centre  to the needy farmer from KVK Salem and   on  credit basis for other KVKs, SAUs,
Fruit crops suitable for saline and alkaline soils

An area of 4 acres has been planted with naval, pomegranate, guava, annona for fruit production and propagation purpose. Training on suitable fruit crops tolerant to saline and alkaline soils is being given to farmers and extension functionaries

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Mango

Mango orchard have been established to promote mango seedlings both soft wood and approach grafting.  More than 12 varieties are being produced and supplied to the farmers and department of horticulture for wider adoption.

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The mother plant of PKM1 and CO3 are being maintained for production of seedlings through approach grafting techniques. So far 5,000 had been produced and distributed to the farmers

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Amla

The mother plant of NA7, BSR 1 and Kanchan varieties are being maintained for production of seedlings through softwood grafting techniques.
The above units were utilized for production of seedlings and also to  offer training to the farmers, extension functionaries and rural youths.

Apiculure

Honey bee park established at KVK, Salem , In this park four colonies of Indian honey bee , Apis cerana indica has beenmaintained in Marthandam type of hive. Through this demonstration unit farmers were trained on various aspects of apiculture such as  impartation of  knowledge on apiculture, skill empowerment and capacity building on  modern apiculture technique for popularization of bee keeping, maintenance of apiary through scientific methods , skill in scientific methods of honey extraction, harvest, processing and storage to sustain the industry in the Salem district, augmentation of  alternate income generation & employment security through scientific beekeeping, development of   marketing of apicultural products to expand Bee keepers associations for uplifting the farmers in Salem district

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